6th August, 2016
Meghalaya is home to some rare wild fruits that do not grow anywhere else. While these fruits have been fondly savoured by the indigenous population since ages, chances are you have not even heard of them. The reason is poor marketing and short shelf life, as a result of which most of these fruits do not make it to bigger markets. However over the recent years, the government has adopted various measures to promote these fruits and I’m positive that soon enough they will be widely available across the country. Here's the list.
Generally available around the onset of summer, Sohphie is a hot favourite among the locals in Meghalaya. This fruit is eaten raw and also pickled and preserved. A refreshing drink made of the fruit is believed to cure stomach problem like dysentery.
Sohphie Nam is smaller and red in colour and is slightly sweeter in taste. There are many medicinal benefits of this fruit. The bark has astringent, carminative, and antiseptic properties, and the decoction is used to treat asthma, fever, chronic bronchitis, lung infections, dysentery and toothache.
Sohshang is a large woody, evergreen and fast growing shrub with densely crowded branches. Generally available around summer, the fruit is rich in vitamin C and minerals like calcium, magnesium, potassium and phosphorus besides other bioactive compounds. The presence of flavonoids, flavonols and other phenolic compounds with antioxidant activity play a preventive role in many ailments including different forms of cancer.
The ripe fruit of Soh Lyngdkhur is black in colour. It is known for its distinctive sweet taste, and is used in the treatment of fever. The leaf extracts are used as gargle to treat inflammation of the vocal cords.
A sweet juicy fruit, Sohiong is popularly used to make a traditional fruit juice called as Um Soh-Iong in Khasi. The leaf has diuretic properties and therefore used to treat dropsy (abnormal accumulation of fluid in the body).
Sohphlang is actually a juicy tuber and is highly priced in the local markets. It has high nutritional value and is particularly rich in protein and phosphorus. Due to its anthelminthic properties, the raw tuber or the root peel is directly consumed for the treatment of soft-bodied intestinal worms.
So the next time you’re in Meghalaya, make it a point to indulge in an exotic fruit affair.Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Google Plus Share on Whatsapp